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Metamorphic Rocks w/ Characteristics Metamorphic rocks have been modified by heat, pressure and chemical process usually while buried deep below Earth's surface. The rock on the right has randomly arranged grains. Foliated vs. Non-foliated Metamorphic Rocks . Heat and/or pressure will cause the elements in the original rock to react and re-form. Mica schist, the most common schistose rock and the second most common metamorphic rock, is composed mostly of mica (usually biotite or muscovite) and smaller amounts of quartz. The original rock is subjected to heat (temperatures greater than 150 to 200 °C) and pressure (100 megapascals (1,000 bar) or more), causing profound physical or chemical change.The protolith may be a sedimentary, igneous, or existing metamorphic rock. These are formed when either igneous or sedimentary rocks are changed. Amphibolite is a non-foliated metamorphic rock that forms through recrystallization under conditions of high viscosity and directed pressure. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/metamorphic-rocks ... Schist is a type of layering or foliation found ofmetamorphic rocks where minerals large enough to be seen by … The presence of mineral layers, called foliation, is an important feature for classifying metamorphic rocks. Characteristics of metamorphic rocks are discussed hereunder: Contact Metamorphism: The contact metamorphism occurs when magma comes in contact with an already existing body of rock. Characteristics of Metamorphic Rock. Metamorphic rock - Metamorphic rock - Major features: The most obvious features of metamorphic rocks are certain planar features that are often termed s-surfaces. A quartzite in which all traces of the original grains and sedimentary structures are erased may also be called metaquartzite. Exposure to these extreme conditions has altered the mineralogy, texture and chemical composition of the rocks. The rock on the left formed from granite. Which statement about the rocks is accurate? These are two metamorphic rocks. Metamorphic rock, any rock that results from the alteration of preexisting rocks in response to changing conditions, such as variations in temperature, pressure, and mechanical stress, and the addition or subtraction of chemical components. The original parent rock (or protolith) of mica schist is shale. In the first way, sandstone or chert recrystallizes resulting in a metamorphic rock under the pressures and temperatures of deep burial. The rock on the right is foliated. Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock types, in a process called metamorphism, which means "change in form". In this type of metamorphism, we can rocks changes, mainly because of high heat in a relatively small region. Under greater heat and pressure, as metamorphic minerals such as mica and feldspar begin to form, strain orients them in layers. This metamorphic rock forms in two different ways. The simplest planar features may be primary bedding (akin to the layering in sedimentary rocks). The rock on the left is formed from cooled magma. It is composed primarily of hornblende (amphibole) and plagioclase, usually with very little quartz.The specimen shown above is about two inches (five centimeters) across. The important characteristics of metamorphic rocks are the following: i. Characteristics of metamorphic rocks. Change in Texture: In the process of metamorphism the size, shape and the spacing of the crystals or grains in the rock undergo changes. The preexisting rocks may be igneous, sedimentary, or other metamorphic rocks. Phyllite could also be considered the parent rock as mica schist is a more highly metamorphosed phyllite. 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