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[57] Their last major attack in the area also occurred on the Cavehill Road on 30 December 1992 when a British soldier who lived there was killed at his home. The animals which were shot included a tiger, a lynx, a hyena, a black bear, two polar bears, and six wolves. A former Presbyterian church in north Belfast has been bought by a Catholic order which celebrates the Latin Mass. A Protestant civilian was shot dead by the IRA in an attack on a public house near Lisburn, County Antrim. The North Belfast parliament seat is held by John Finucane of Sinn Féin whilst the corresponding Assembly seats are held by Paula Bradley and William Humphrey and of the DUP, Carál Ní Chuilín and Gerry Kelly of Sinn Féin and Nichola Mallon of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). Members of the order have recently moved to the north Belfast site. [55], On 16 March 1989 the PIRA killed John Irvine, a senior member of the UVF at his home in the Skegoneill area after a unit entered his home and shot him 15 times at close range. [7], Annesley Street is located near the beginning of the road and it features the Greenville Hall Synagogue, the former centre of the Jewish community in Belfast. Founded in 1990, the order has 115 priests in countries including the United States, England, France, Spain, Italy and Gabon and more than 50 religious sisters, who live a semi-cloistered life. Roddy McCorley was born in Duneane, Antrim. sign, Get the day's headlines delivered directly to your inbox, A Catholic order which celebrates the Latin Mass has bought the former Fortwilliam and Macrory Presbyterian Church on the Antrim Road in north Belfast. A financial letter from Santa (with a nod to Elf and Safety) . The institute, which is also based in Limerick, operates separately from the Diocese of Down and Connor. I would not deliberately seek out a Southern Protestant as if there was some connection or imperative to do so. Here is a few areas . . [34], After Belfast the road enters the territory of Newtownabbey Borough Council where it is contained within the Antrim Line area. Two IRA volunteers burst into the house armed with AK-47 assault rifles and shot the soldier at least 13 times at close range. Expand. Opened in 1904 after a sizeable donation from Otto Jaffe it served as the city's synagogue for a number of years before more modern premises further up the road were secured. Catholics make up about 25% of the borough. [69] Later, on 16 May 1974, a UDA member shot dead a Catholic civilian at the Edlingham Street/Stratheden Street junction. "The cost of purchasing the Fortwilliam and Macrory church has been met by an interest-free loan which the Institute of Christ the King will have to reimburse over the next five years," it said. The Antrim Road was initially a much shorter road than it is now and this smaller exit from the city centre was originally known as Duncairn Street. [15] Solitude, the home of Cliftonville F.C., is also located on a street just behind the Cliftonville Road. Castle is represented by Lydia Patterson and Gut Spence of the DUP, Mary Campbell and Tierna Cunningham of Sinn Féin, David Browne of the UUP and Pat Convery of the SDLP. Beyond this section of the road there are the Salisbury and Chichester Park areas, which are largely made up of middle class private housing. [18] Nearby is Skegoneill Avenue, the entry to which is marked by the imposing Fortwilliam and Macrory Presbyterian Church, which was opened in 1885. Although the North Belfast Brigade was not often the most active of the UDA's six area, the Antrim Road's proximity to the Lower Shankill Road, the stronghold of the UDA West Belfast Brigade, ensured that the UDA was also active locally. [1] It took its present name from the fact that it links to Antrim town, a role that was previously filled by what is now the Shankill Road, which lies west of the Antrim Road. The New Lodge is an urban, working class Catholic community in Belfast, Northern Ireland, immediately to the north of the city centre. [62] On 17 January 1976 they launched a no-warning bomb attack on Sheridan's Bar at New Lodge Road, Belfast. [53] Two of the most important differences deal with salvation and Mary. One of the group's earliest attacks in the local area occurred on 29 October 1971 when a Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officer was killed by a bomb at the police base on the Antrim Road. [62] On 27 August 1976 UDA members petrol-bombed the home of a young Catholic family on Hillman Street, just off the Duncairn Gardens interface. [64], UVF activity in the area tailed off thereafter, apart from the killing of a Catholic civilian in a shop on 1 September 1979[65] and a further killing by the "Protestant Action Force" on 19 July 1986. This continues until the roundabout junction with the Ballyclare Road, when the Antrim Road forms the main thoroughfare through the village of Templepatrick. [67] The group's last killing occurred on 17 February 1994 when a Catholic civilian living on Skegoneill Avenue was killed at his home by the Red Hand Commando.[68]. [3][4] The Waterworks on Antrim Road, Belfast's principal source of water, was one of the Luftwaffe's targets. It is one of four exits from Carlisle Circus, the others being the Crumlin Road, a major arterial and residential route that forms part of the A2, Clifton Street which leads back to Belfast city centre, and Denmark Street which leads to the area of the Lower Shankill Road known locally as Beirut. [53] This was followed on 8 January 1982 by the killing of an Ulster Defence Regiment soldier who was working at an Antrim Road petrol station. The name Protestant first appeared at the Diet of Speyer in 1529, when the Roman Catholic emperor of Germany, Charles V, rescinded the provision of the Diet of Speyer in 1526 that had allowed each ruler to choose whether to administer the Edict of Worms (which banned Martin Luther’s writings and declared him a heretic and an enemy of the state). The Cliftonville Road faces the New Lodge area and it runs Northwest, linking up with the Oldpark Road as it heads towards the Ardoyne area. [5] Victoria Barracks, in the New Lodge area, had been destroyed by a number of direct hits. [70] This was followed on 14 June 1975 by the killing of a Catholic civilian in a drive-by shooting on New Lodge Road, Belfast. [19] a football stadium of the same name is also located on the Avenue and is the home of the minor league side Brantwood F.C. The Antrim Road passes through three separate constituencies for UK House of Commons and Northern Ireland Assembly elections i.e. It is the county town of County Antrim and was the administrative centre of Antrim Borough Council. North Belfast, East Antrim and South Antrim. [58], UVF activity during the early 1970s helped to earn the road its "murder mile" nickname with a number of killings and attacks carried out by the paramilitary organisation. The ground has also been used by Newington Youth Club F.C., a club that originated in the Newington district but which has led a peripatetic existence due to a lack of a home ground. A generation that has grown up knowing nothing but the Troubles has made an active choice to dance together, Protestant and Catholic side-by-side, weekend in, weekend out. Close. Earlier forms are not approved by the Catholic Church. The area has a number of murals, mostly sited along the New Lodge Road. It is rural, conservative, mainly born-again Christian and predominantly Protestant. [71] The killing of another Catholic civilian on the Cavehill Road on 27 May 1978[72] brought an end to UDA shootings in the area for some ten years however. [63] This was followed on 5 November 1976 by the shooting of a 15-year-old Catholic civilian as she stood outside a friend's home on Newington Street. The road is usually referred to as the Falls Road, rather than as Falls Road. The east of the city is predominantly Protestant, typically 90% or more. [75] Their last killing on the road came after the collapse of the 1994 Combined Loyalist Military Command ceasefire when, on 1 September 1996 they shot dead a Catholic civilian outside his friend's house on Skegoneill Avenue.[76]. In Protestant theology, salvation is by faith alone in Christ alone, without the contribution of works. A map of the Catholic Parishes of County Antrim is available at the Irish Times site. All three clubs came under threat during the early days of the troubles for being perceived as Unionist clubs. Glengormley (from Irish: Gleann Ghormlaithe, meaning "Gormlaith's valley") is the name of a townland (of 215 acres) and electoral ward in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.Glengormley is within the urban area of Newtownabbey and the Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council area. Origins of Protestantism. 1972. The Somerton Road, which runs alongside the Antrim Road at this part, is the current location of the main synagogue for the Belfast Hebrew Congregation. Sir Randal, though a Catholic, planted his own lands in County Antrim with Protestants, most of them Presbyterians. [24] The Bellevue area is also the location of Belfast Zoo. Barron Hall, a venue used by the Newtownabbey Community Forum which involves both communities, was targeted in a sectarian arson attack in July 2010 having been mistaken for an Orange hall. The Antrim Road was the scene of several high-profile attacks and killings during the conflict known as the Troubles. She had stopped to talk to a friend. Barton, Jonathan, lecturer at Queen's University, Belfast. "The institute wishes to bring the uplifting beauty of sacred worship and genuine culture to all.". However, public Masses have not yet been celebrated. The Belfast Brigade issued an apology and confirmed it had been a case of mistaken identity. [48] PIRA sniper attacks resulted in the deaths of an RUC officer on 16 October 1973[48] and a British soldier on 21 March 1974. See a different horoscope:  Select The upper section of the Antrim Road in Belfast is variously known as Downview and Bellevue, with both areas mostly made up of large detached and semi-detached private houses. Answer: This is a simple question with a complicated answer, because there are varying degrees of, and reasons for, animosity between any two religious groups. The area was said to be notorious for the high level of paramilitary activity, prompting locals to dub the area from New Lodge to Newington the "murder mile" given the high number of locals killed by loyalists. Both Cliftonville Cricket Club and Cliftonville Hockey Club originated in the area. Fortwilliam and Macrory Presbyterian Church on the Antrim Road, which served as a place of worship for 133 years, closed in October last year. The fence remains in place although a gate was added in 2011 permitting limited access from one side to the other. The listed building has now been bought by the Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest. After more countryside the road ends at Dunadry, where it changes its name to the Belfast Road. The name has been synonymous for at least a century and a half with the Catholic community in the city. . It was first used in this context in 1974, and has since been used to claim the killings of at least 41 Catholic … 21 October 1981: A UDR soldier was shot dead outside Belfast Zoo. [49] Both had been on patrol on the Antrim Road when they were hit. [74], The UDA committed two further killings in the area during 1993, killing a Catholic woman at her Fortwilliam Park home on 30 August 1993[75] and a Catholic man at his home on Newington Avenue on 15 October 1993, with both victims civilians. [66] However the UVF killed two Catholic civilians on the Antrim Road within the space of three weeks in November 1990, one at his home in Spamount Street in the New Lodge and the other at his Duncairn Gardens workplace. The name Protestant Action Force (PAF) was used by loyalists, especially members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), to claim responsibility for a number of paramilitary attacks during the Troubles. Three hours after the ambush, a 28‐year‐old Catholic foundry worker died in a hail of bullets as he answered a knock at his front door in the Lower Falls Road area of Belfast. [46] On 21 July 1972, two Catholic women (Brigid Murray and Margaret O'Hare) and a Protestant teenager (Stephen Parker) were killed when a bomb detonated on Cavehill Road as part of the Bloody Friday bombings when the Provisional IRA exploded 22 bombs across Belfast in the space of eighty minutes. It is also situated in the civil parish of Carnmoney and the historic barony of Belfast Lower. The Cavehill Road is itself an interface, separating the traditionally Protestant Westland Road and the Catholic areas known as "Little America" although co-operation between community groups aimed at decreasing tensions has increased. It has not yet been decided whether these will be transferred to the Fortwilliam church after it opens to the public. [28] The road continues through the residential areas of Glengormley until it reaches Sandyknowes roundabout at which point it diverts into the industrial areas of Mallusk, also passing through the City of Belfast Golf Course.[29]. [32], Much of the Antrim Road is within Belfast City Council, specifically the Castle and Oldpark district electoral areas. We wanted to start as the house would go on, with everyone moving in at the same time. [22] "Lisbreen", the official residence of the Bishop of Down and Connor, is also located on the Somerton Road. [27] Glengormley police station is also located close to Barron Hall. Both clubs have enjoyed success in the recent past. However, Bishop Noel Treanor has given it permission to establish itself in the diocese. [35], Following this the remainder of the road is contained within the Antrim South East area of Antrim Borough Council. The area is also the location for Dunmore Park Camp, a facility used by the Territorial Army to house the North Irish Horse.[20]. [60] On 25 September 1974 a further Catholic civilian was killed by the UVF on the Limestone Road. In a statement, the institute said the Latin Mass "attracts today an increasing number of people, especially young adults, students and families". The institute is known for promoting the arts, especially sacred music and architecture. On 4 June 1972 they shot dead a Catholic civilian at his shop on Annesley Street[59] and nineteen days later they carried out a drive-by shooting on a group of Catholics standing outside a bank at the corner of Antrim Road and Atlantic Avenue. She died the following day. The areas around the Falls Road, Ardoyne and New Lodge (Catholic nationalist) and the Shankill Road (Protestant loyalist) are among the ten most deprived wards in … The killing has since been at the centre of allegations regarding collusion between loyalist paramilitaries and the British security forces. As well as St Malachy's College and Belfast Royal Academy other secondary schools on or close to the Antrim Road include Dominican College, Fortwilliam,[37] Blessed Trinity College (amalgamation of St Patrick's College, Belfast,[38] and Little Flower Girls School[39]), and Hazelwood Integrated College on the neighbouring Whitewell Road. The most controversial parade in Portadown has been banned this Sunday from the Garvaghy Road, the town's major Catholic district. He made the first successful attempt to introduce Lowlanders from Scotland, chiefly from Argyleshire and Wigtownshire. [49], Using thecover name of Protestant Action Force (PAF), the UVF claimed responsibility for blowing up the Christian Brothers Past Pupils Union building on 21 May 1975. The road stretches westwards for about 1.5 mi (2.4 km) from central Belfast and is lined, to an extent, by shops. Cliftonville are supported by a largely Catholic nationalist crowd, while Crusaders attract a Protestant and unionist crowd. [26], The border between Belfast and Newtownabbey forms soon after the Antrim Road passes over the M2 motorway. The UDA returned to action on the Antrim Road on 10 May 1988 when, using the Ulster Freedom Fighters code name, the UDA claimed responsibility for shooting dead a Catholic civilian at his home on Newington Street. These are found nearer the edges of the city, but also in the Ormeau Road and [61] This was followed on 17 October the same year by the murder of a Protestant taxi driver on the Cavehill Road, with the group wrongly assuming that he was Catholic. The locality is demarcated by Duncairn Gardens, Antrim Road, Clifton Street, and dependent on opinion, York Street or North Queen Street. [6], The Antrim Road begins at Carlisle Circus, a roundabout north of the city centre just past the Westlink motorway. [45], The PIRA, specifically the Third Battalion of the Provisional IRA Belfast Brigade, was for a long time active in the republican districts on the lower Antrim Road. After the shooting a caller rang the Irish News and said it had been a "punishment shooting" carried out by the IRA. Picture by Mal McCann, Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, Brexit: Conor Murphy slams British government over lack of information, Clarity sought around Brexit grace period for Irish Sea trade, Brandon Lewis faces calls to apologise to Troubles victims, On Trend: Five of the best beauty crackers, Ask Fiona: I'm struggling with debt and miss my daughter, Buying a business - the factors you must consider. The Cavehill Road is itself an interface, separating the traditionally Protestant Westland Road and the Catholic areas known as "Little America" although co-operation between community groups aimed at decreasing tensions has increased. [31] The MP for South Antrim is Paul Girvan (DUP) whilst the MLAS for the seat are Trevor Clarke and Pam Cameron of the DUP, John Blair of the APNI, Steve Aiken of the UUP and Declan Kearney of Sinn Féin. Indeed, as late as 2011 the Antrim Road was still being affected by the hangover of the Troubles when in January of that year the Glandore area around Skegoneill Avenue was closed due to a car bomb left by dissident republicans. It is believed the UVF was responsible. [54] A further RUC officer was killed on 23 June 1987 during another gun attack on the road's police station. Several primary schools are found in and around the Antrim Road including Edmund Rice, Holy Family,[41] Currie Primary School, St Therese of Liseux Primary School[42] and Our Lady of Lourdes Primary School. The Antrim Road is a major arterial route and area of housing and commerce that runs from inner city north Belfast to Dunadry, passing through Newtownabbey and Templepatrick. West Belfast remains the centre of the city's Catholic population (in contrast with the east of the city which remains predominantly Protestant). "Baby elephant kept as pet to save her from WW2 blitz". The seven councillors for this area are Audrey Ball and Paula Bradley of the DUP, Marie Mackessy and Gerard O'Reilly of Sinn Féin, as well as John Blair (APNI), Mark Cosgrove (UUP) and Noreen McClelland (SDLP). How former Antrim captain Ciarán Barr navigated Belfast's Troubled waters. [50] On 24 September 1976 they killed two more men, a UDA member and a Protestant civilian, at Cavehill Inn on Cavehill Road, Belfast. The Cavehill Road, which runs Northwest off the Antrim Road, takes its name from Cavehill, a large basaltic hill that dominates the skyline over much of the Antrim Road. North Belfast was first to be attacked and bore the brunt of the bombardment with entire swaths of terraced houses levelled. A witness said the gunman emerged from the loyalist Tiger Bay area. A former Belfast landmark Presbyterian church has been bought by a Catholic order after it closed in October last year. [21] This road leads back to the Crumlin Road, passing through the loyalist Ballysillan area. Two Catholic civilians and their ten-month-old baby were killed. It was built in the 1890s to link the Antrim Road with the Old Park Road (as it was known at the time). 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